In the addressable field emitter array concept, electron beams from amorphous diamond cathodes "write" circuit patterns onto a computer chip wafer. The technology could help chip makers attain the degrees of chip density that designers are approaching.
Researchers at ORNL are developing a method of packing more circuitry into a smaller space on these silicon wafers. Referred to as 100-nanometer lithography, the term reflects the feature resolution required to pack extremely tiny circuits directly onto the microchip wafers.
Immersion lithography is used to take 193-nanometer lithography and enable 22nm node features