The new superconductor devices will also revolutionize the analysis of microchips, submillimeter band astronomy, the study of the cosmic microwave background, quantum cryptography and the search for dark matter. Superconducting detectors that can measure photon numbers efficiently at telecommunication wavelengths with a negligible error rate, opening the way to secure quantum cryptography over a distance of 100 kilometers.
Here is a pdf that describes the 10,000 pixel submillimeter SCUBA-2 , which perform surveys of the sky 1000 times faster than SCUBA-1. All areas of astronomy will benefit, from studies of our Solar System and surveys of protostellar complexes in the Milky Way, to answering key questions about the formation and evolution of galaxies in the early Universe.
SCUBA 2 represents a major innovation from current submillimetre instruments. Incorporating state-of-the-art technology will allow the realisation of the first large-format "CCD-like" camera for submillimetre astronomy.